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Censorship is the deliberate suppression of ideas, images or speech, either through prohibitive laws, direct alteration or sociocultural pressure or taboos.
Pornography has always faced censorship from conservative or morally minded groups.
Censorship and hentai/lolikon
Until recently, japanese law required that all erotic material shown publicly be censored.
There were different attempts to bypass this old law:
- Changing the color of the genitalia, argumenting that the item shown is not genitalia
- Only showing the genitals in very close detail, so that it's not definitely recognizable
- Substituting the genitalia with non-sexual objects that look similar, eg. a penis with a banana
- Making the male subjects non-human, thus argumenting that their anatomy is different (See tentacles)
With time, the prosecutions became more rare, and the artists made the censure more and more revealing. Doujinshi and manga artists often included only the the minimal censorship necessary to satisfy the laws, such as a white or black bar over the opening of the vagina. The results were often laughable, and many questioned the necessity of the censorship. Though the laws are no longer in place, most artists still censor their work out of tradition or fear of another law change.
When imported to the US, censored hentai would often be uncensored.
|Types of censorship in hentai|